"The Internet Magazine for the disAble Woman. The 'dis' is small, it's the Ability that Counts".

We have been delighted by your responses, keep the articles flowing. In this issue there are Beauty and Fashion, Crafts, Fiction, Garden and Home, Health issues, Hints and Tips, Junior Crew articles, life Feature articles, Poetry, Paintings and Recipes contribution from readers. Our links page increases each issue, and our Quiz becomes easier!

Here is a new facility. Click here to connect to an international disability site.

Quarterly Quote

The New Disability Discrimination Act in the UK has been welcomed as a major piece of civil rights legislation. It includes new rights for disabled people using transport and better protection for mental health service users, people with HIV MS and cancer. It also contains new rights for disabled people wanting to adapt rented property.

anAurora readership increases daily and has already reached Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, and India. Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, UK and the USA, which is fantastic. Please, continue to support anAurora by sending in your articles to: editor@anAurora.co.uk

If you are not using Internet Explorer, and the title of any page goes askew, click on the Reload or Refresh button to sort it out!

If you want to try out another edition of anAurora , click on the pull-down menu at the left of the page and make your selection. To move from one edition to another, please use this pull-down menu from now on.

We have the facility for you to read Text as many of us still use browsers which are not able to recognise pictures. The icon is at the top of each page. As yet we still have no sound but are working on this.

Please feel free to sign the guest book as well as continuing to send your emails and articles, your poetry and stories.

Last date for articles to go into the next issue is 1st November, 2005, email them to editor@anAurora.co.uk . All articles will be available in back issues for a minimum of two years. Some issues since Spring 2000 have been withdrawn, but if you would like us to email you an electronic copy please email your request to editor@anAurora.co.uk . The file is quite large, and you should be sure that your email provider will allow you to download a file of 3Megabytes in size.

The views expressed in this magazine by readers are personal and not necessarily those of anAurora , but she will not print any offensive material regarding ability, creed, race, religion or gender.

The contents of this Internet Magazine may be reproduced without seeking permission from anAurora , but please mention your source.

This is a free magazine, in that anAurora is not supported in any way by either charity funds or advertising, and she would like to keep it that way. But the Magazine will dry up after a short time unless you contribute your articles.

anAurora does not have a "Mission Statement" but her intention is to continue to develop, with your help, a magazine that women with any disAbility can contribute to and read with enjoyment.

Goodbye until December!


This section includes:

Information about how to buy paintings directly from the artist on-line group;

followed by instructions on how to make a salt pastry tree.

If anyone would like to send some of their own poetry, paintings, and crafts, etc, please contact: editor@anAurora.co.uk

Online Art

Artists Online in US and UK

ArtistsOnline has added new oil paintings to the gallery. Choose paintings for your home or office, or as a special gift to your family or best friend. Save your money buying a painting directly from the Artist.

Mini Gallery is an award-winning art website which showcases art by both professional and amateur self-representing British artists.

Mini Gallery is owned by Hazel Semple, 26, a website designer & artist and Chris Storey, 26, a website developer.

If you are an artist with some work to share, would you like to send some of it to us? Email editor@anAurora.co.uk

Salt Pastry Tree

Looking for an easy, cheap way to entertain the kids or yourself, this is how.


2 Cups of Plain Flour
1 Cup of Salt
2/3 Cup of Water (or just enough to make a firm dough)
Mixing Bowl
Rolling Pin
Sharp knife
Fine Mesh Sieve
Tooth Pick (or pin)
Oven - pre-heat to low setting (gas mark 1)


Mix flour and salt with enough water to form a firm dough.

Lightly flour a board or worktop and roll out to about 1mm thick.

Cut out your tree shape with the knife and transfer to a baking tray.

Brush lightly with water.

Put a piece of dough in the sieve and, using the end of the rolling pin, push some through to form shredded dough.

Using the toothpick lightly push some of the shredded dough onto the tree shape to form the foliage of your tree.

Decorate with cloves or black-peppercorns.

Cook, very slowly, in the oven - approx for one hour. You can make great sheep using the same method - just use the peppercorns for the eyes and nose.

Have fun!

If you are an artist with some work to share, would you like to send some of it to us? Email editor@anAurora.co.uk


The first article is about down to earth hair care advice with information on foundation and fragrance, followed by information titbits on looking good from the feet up.

Remember, if you have any fashion and beauty tips or ideas or know someone who has, please contact editor@anAurora.co.uk

Beauty Bits

Rinse your hair with cold water to make it shine

The theory is that a final rinse with cold water after your shampoo seals the cuticle, helping it to reflect more light. But according to hair and scalp expert Philip Kingsley, author of Hair, An Owner's Handbook (Aurum Press, 1995), lowering the water temperature won't enhance shine. In fact, cold water constricts the blood vessels of the scalp, temporarily cutting off the supply of nutrients needed for healthy hair. What helps give hair a pretty sheen? Rinsing thoroughly so that no dulling shampoo residue remains on your hair.

Foundation should match the skin tone of your face.

The surprising answer, according to Kat James, is that your foundation will look more natural if it matches your neck -- specifically, the area near the collarbone. The skin here has a touch more yellow to its undertone, while the face tends to be a little more pink or red. And the last thing you want is a foundation with pink -- it's aging and looks artificial.

Rub your wrists together after applying fragrance

Some fragrance experts feel that rubbing crushes delicate fragrance molecules, and, as a result, you don't get the true scent. But Annette Green, president of The Fragrance Foundation, disagrees -- unless you have oily skin. "Natural oils mixing with the fragrance before it dries might interfere with the scent," says Green. Allow the fragrance to dry naturally; it takes about ten minutes.

Remember, if you have any fashion and beauty tips or ideas or know someone who has, please contact editor@anAurora.co.uk

Fashion Follies

  1. Wearing The Wrong Colours
    All skin tones are not created equal. The sky blue or dark green that you saw on the runways may look fabulous on the models, but horrible on you. Experiment with different colours and stick with the palettes that look best on you

  2. Wearing Too Small a Size
    If it doesn't fit, don't wear it

  3. Shoes
    You look great from the ankles up. If your shoes have seen better days, find a good shoe repair shop and put them in for some TLC. Polish them regularly

  4. Underarm Stains
    First, buy deodorant that works with your body. You may have to try a few to find the best one for you, and you may need to change every now and again if your chemistry changes

  5. Visible Bra Lines
    Make sure your bra fits properly. If it rides up in back, slips of the shoulders, or lets your breasts sag instead of offering support, then it's time to seek professional help

Remember, if you have any fashion and beauty tips or ideas or know someone who has, please contact editor@anAurora.co.uk

Feature Facts this time include information on buying ramps for wheelchairs and scooters, and a short article on Dungavel Removal Centre Dossier

Junior Crew Quiz is here again!

Next comes an article by a wheelchair user Eva McCracken who visted Portobello Promenade one day. This article is an extract from her book Accessible Walks to be published at the end of the year.

An independent working group recommended specific legislation for hate crimes towards individuals based on their sexual orientation, transgender identity or disability.

Please contact the editor@anAurora.co.uk with any stories or features that you would like us to publish for you.

Disabled Entrepreneurs' Workshop


Welcome to the second edition of the DEN Newsletter.

We are often asked to respond to the following types of questions:

This Newsletter deals with Finances and Part 1 of setting up in business.

Where do I get money?

There are ways of getting money, but because many disabled people are on low incomes, or on benefits, many financial institutions perceive them to be a greater risk and it becomes more difficult to convince the banks and others to support the fledgling business.

However, there are funds and ways and means of financing your business, although it is not easy. Some information can be found from your local business gateway www.bgateway.com

Access to Work

There are many misconceptions about the Access to Work Scheme and self employment, with a number of people believing that you cannot get Access to Work support if you are self employed. However, this is not the case!

The Access to Work Scheme can provide support with:

After consultation with the Access to Work Advisor, or the Disability Employment Advisor in your local Jobcentre, you may have to undergo a workplace assessment, in order to identify the adjustments that may be needed or your equipment needs.

You may need to think about the things that can help you at work so that you are ready for the assessment. Additionally, you may also be asked to provide a business plan (see point 4 below and next edition of this newsletter). Once Access to Work has approved your application and support needs, they will then meet all the approved costs.

The Prince's Scottish Youth Business Trust

For budding disabled entrepreneurs, between 18 and 30 years old, a grant of up to £1000 may be available from the The Prince's Scottish Youth Business Trust together with mentoring for up to 2 years.

They may also lend up to £5000 repayable over a period of 5 years. The Prince's Trust website can be found at www.princes-trust.org.uk

Assisted Areas

The area where you live in Scotland (and for that matter, in England), can enable you to access funds. There are areas designated as ‘Assisted Areas', such as the Shetland Isles, parts of central/lowland Scotland and parts of the highlands in the North of Scotland. In these areas, one may get up to 30% of funding for things you may need for operating, depending on the area where the business is being started. However, one must have matched funding to get the money. Further information can be found at www.rsascotland.gov.uk

How to get on the right path …
setting up in business

Setting up in business needs a lot of preparation and there are a number of things to consider. You may come across a number of difficulties along the path to success, but with some motivation, determination and preparation (for the lows as well as the highs), it is more likely that your business will succeed and thrive.

Here are some tips that will help you to prepare for self employment:

Look at your strong points and any weaknesses you may have, as there is no point trying to start a business doing something you really don't like doing!

Remember that starting up a business can be hard work, particularly in the first few years. However, you are not superhuman, so try and ensure that the expectations you have of yourself and the support you may get from family or friends are realistic.

Please contact the editor@anAurora.co.uk with any stories or features that you would like us to publish for you.

Feature Facts

Mobility Ramps

Here is a list of some suppliers of ramps for Mobility scooters. Where known, there are notes on the type of ramps. anAurora would like to know if there are any more suppliers, and also of the types of ramps that they provide.

Email editor@anAurora.co.uk with details of other suppliers.


Jetmarine Ltd

National Trading Estate
Hazel Grove

Tel 0161 467 1648
Fax 0161 483 7820

Roll-a-Ramp (Europe) Ltd
( aluminium & strong)

Summit House
40 Highgate West Hill
N6 6LS

Tel 020 83416767
Fax 020 8341 0365

(Titan: telescopic(1.5 to .73) & light weight)




Trident House
Roudham Road
East Harling
NR16 2QN


Tel No: 01953 714599
Fax: 01953 714598


P O Box 5665
Kirkby in Ashfield
NG17 7QX

Fax: 01623 726886
Web: www.homecraftabilityone.com
Chester Care
( various: roll-up/portable)
Bellfield Road DUNDEE

Tel: 01382 228411

Enable Access

16 Plantagonet Road
Tel: 020 8257 0375

Freeway 21: telescopic aluminium (1.95 to 1.22)

Willow House
Artillery Road
BA22 8RP
Tel: 01935 410920

portable (not folding)

Forbisher Industrial Centre
Budds Lane
SO51 0H0
Tel: 1794 515133

Hoists & Trailers









Ricon Ricon UK Ltd
Littlemoss Business Park
M43 7EF
Tel: 0800 435677
(hoists/swivel seat etc)
Fort Street
Tel: 01254 871599
Fax: 01254 389992
Scoota moova   Tel: 01709 761782

Dungavel Removal Centre Dossier

When Dungavel first opened in September 2001, the Home Office said it would be for those about to be deported, likely to abscond, and it was better than putting them into prison. They said Dungavel would also speed up the process of deporting illegal immigrants. Dungavel is not a prison – it was claimed – but a ‘centre', despite everyone including babies being finger printed and photographed, despite the razor wire, steel fences, guards, ID numbers, the metal detectors and the same security as a category c prison. Housed away from society, some of the first inmates were 51 refugees held in Scottish prisons under UK immigration laws.

On its third anniversary, Positive Action in Housing wishes to highlight how different the reality is from the initial p.r.

We have gathered a damning dossier of evidence that Dungavel cannot cope with the suicide culture it is creating. There is a defnite pattern emerging of asylum seekers being held for long, indefinite periods up to two years, being transferred to prison when their spirits break.

What's their suicide prevention strategy? They don't have one. There are indications of a suicide culture taking hold at Dungavel, which houses whole families after all, and the authorities cannot cope with the suicides and broken spirits they have created. They appear to be simply dumping long term detainees in Prison after they become depressed or suicidal at Dungavel.

These cases make a mockery of the Home Office's claim that Dungavel is not a prison and only holds asylum seekers for a few days. By its actions, the Home Office clearly doesn't care that asylum seekers are being detained indefinitely, in some cases for more than two years, without charge or trial or even a crime to pin on them. They have no regard for their human rights obligations which declare it unlawful to detain asylum seekers indefinitely without charge or trial is and breaches the human rights of those fleeing torture, persecution, and civil war.

This dossier documents the atrocities committed in the name of asylum & immigration policy.

We want to make sure their stories do not go undocumented or unheard. We are calling on Amnesty International and UNHCR to take up these cases and investigate human rights abuses in Scotland. We are also calling on Scottish politicians to raise these cases and speak out on a detention system that is more about systematic psychological abuse and less about immigration control.

See also: http://www.closedungavelnow.com/names_not_numbers.htm

Please contact the editor@anAurora.co.uk with any stories or features that you would like us to publish for you.

Junior Crew

There is just one contribution to the Junior Crew in this edition, and that is the Junior Quiz. Also, we have the answers to the Adult Quiz.


Here is our Junior Quiz. The answers are in the Regulars front page. Click here


A reptile is an animal that has scaly skin and lays eggs. Which of these animals is a Reptile?


If a lizard is a reptile, what kind of animal is a frog?


Some wild animals, for example bears and tortoises, hibernate when the weather is cold. What does this mean?
They sleep until the weather is warm again
They hide food in special places
Their skin or fur changes to protect them


A chimpanzee is an omnivore. What does this mean?
It eats only meat
It eats both meat and plants
Eats only plants


A crocodile is a semi-aquatic animal. Where does an aquatic animal live?
In trees
In water


Some animals are awake at night – that's the time when they look for food. What word do we use to describe these animals?



1 What is the road between Invergarry and Kyle of Lochalsh called?
... The road to the Isles


Which island has the blue and white St Andrew's flag of Scotland as its national flag?
... Tenerife


Who won a gold medal in the 124 Olympics in the 400m?
... Eric Liddell


Which is the oldest Scottish University?
... St Andrews


What is skirlie?
... A mixture of fried onions and oatmeal


What is saffron?
... A yellow spice obtained from the stamens of a special crocus flower

Please contact the editor@anAurora.co.uk with any stories or features that you would like us to publish for you.


If you want a bracing ride along a beautiful, old seafront promenade then Portobello is the place to go. The audit of this route was made in early October when the weather was sunny but bracing. Outdoor clothing for all-weather conditions, from sunshine to gales, is required and may be required on just the one day visit!

The route can be done from either end of the prom. or from the middle. I arrived by taxi at the Portobello Leisure Centre where I met 2 fellow wheelchair ramblers. Going west towards Leith and Edinburgh gives one the opportunity to pick up a feel for this old town as it might have felt 100 years ago.

Indeed the interpretation boards are written with this perspective in mind and tell of all the fun and jollies the Scottish holidaymaker might have expected - the Pierrots, Punch & Judy etc.

The west end is more industrial and it is perhaps better to cast one's eyes north over the Forth to Fife. At this point the choice is then I believe the ferry used to traverse the Forth from Portobello and it was easy to imagine boarding the boat here and the relief at not going on a train over the Forth Bridge miles up river. to return via the town of Portobello or retrace one's steps heading east towards Musselburgh.

We chose the second as the sun was shining and the draw of the sea quite compulsive. Although linear routes, retracing steps, may seem boring I always find the view behind one so different from the one taken that it is worth doing.

In this instance the view of the East Lothian coast and looking beyond to the North Sea quite entrancing.

Now this may be because, living in Fife, I am so used to viewing it from across the Forth or it may have been the sunshine glinting off the sea but I am sure it's better than an old high street anywhere.

We reached the end of the prom. and kept on going past Joppa where the blue plaque assured us it was the oldest house in Portobello. Keeping the sea on our left we came to traffic lights, crossed and turned right up towards the town.

About half a mile up the A199 we turned left towards the Brunstane railway station.

Do not be fooled by the first entrance with a flight of stairs. This is a new station with full access 10yards further on. The platform is narrow and I was only just able to access the train using the on board ramp.

Next time I will arrive by train and meander down the steep roads to the seafront – a route my friends took with no difficulty.

Please contact the editor@anAurora.co.uk with any stories or features that you would like us to publish for you.

Working Group On Hate Crime Report

An independent working group has today recommended specific legislation for hate crimes towards individuals based on their sexual orientation, transgender identity or disability.

The Working Group on Hate Crime said that hate crime should be defined as "crime motivated by malice or ill will towards a social group".

The Group also said that it should be irrelevant whether or not the victim belongs to the particular social group in question, saying it is the motivation of the offender which is important.

The Group made 14 recommendations together with several suggestions covering the criminal justice system and some areas outside it. The main recommendation asks the Executive to introduce a statutory aggravation for crimes motivated by homophobic or transphobic prejudice or by prejudice towards disabled people.

The report of the Working Group on Hate Crime was presented to Scottish Ministers today, who said they would consider the report carefully.

Minister for Communities Malcolm Chisholm said:

"There is no place in Scotland for prejudice and discrimination. Crimes motivated by prejudice are particularly repugnant.

"We announced the setting up of the working group on hate crime in June 2003 to look at ways of combating crime based on hatred towards social groups because we recognised the trauma faced by many victims of hate crime.

"We welcome the report and its clear recommendations. We will now take the time to carefully consider all these recommendations before responding in detail.

"We are committed to making Scotland's communities safe, secure and clean and to delivering public services which focus on the interests of the victims of crime."


The Scottish Executive should introduce a statutory aggravation as soon as possible for crimes motivated by malice or ill-will towards an individual based on their sexual orientation, transgender identity or disability.

Hate-aggravated harassment and alarming and distressing behaviour is a major concern. Consideration should be given to whether a general statutory offence of harassment and alarming or distressing behaviour would be an effective tool to combat such conduct. This would then be applied with a statutory aggravation as described in recommendation 1.

The Scottish Executive should review the area of criminal law on violence against women and continue to investigate the link between the undermining of women in society and crimes of violence against women with a view to combating both. A statutory aggravation for domestic abuse should also be considered by the Executive.

After the introduction of a new statutory aggravation, the relevant authorities should include in their training suitable awareness-raising on this legislation for the police, social workers, COPFS, lawyers, solicitors and the Scottish Court Service. Procurators Fiscal should be encouraged not to plea bargain away the aggravation.

All agencies should ensure that information and advice about their service is easily available and accessible in different formats to cover the different needs of victims, particularly those with learning disabilities.

Police forces should identify a liaison officer to take a strategic overview of ongoing harassment against particular people and groups in the community.

The profile of VIA (Victim Information and Advice) should be raised and all victims of hate crime should be automatically offered VIA support.

The Scottish Executive should consider the feasibility of legislation or other means to ensure that any victim who appears in court and wishes to have their privacy protected from the press and public (such as a member of the LGBT community or someone with a mental health problem) can do so if they wish.

Once the current trial of victim statements is completed, and depending upon its success, the Scottish Executive should extend the use of such statements to victims of hate crime.

Sentencers should make greater use of alternative disposals for people convicted of hate crimes. The Scottish Executive should consider research to identify which alternative disposals are successful.

The Scottish Executive should consider introducing a citizenship programme for schools which can incorporate work on combating prejudice at a young age.

The Scottish Executive should implement attitudinal campaigns against prejudice using learning from the One Scotland Many Cultures and "See Me…" campaigns, focusing on the LGBT community and disabled people.

The Scottish Executive should convene a meeting with the major media organisations in Scotland to highlight the damage of negative media reporting in relation to disabled people and to the LGBT community, and encourage more responsible images and reporting.

The Scottish Executive should identify hate crime as one of the priorities to be addressed by Community Safety Partnerships. Community Safety Partnerships should ensure that their action plans and consultation mechanisms address the needs and seek the views of communities which have been or may be particularly affected by such crimes.

The Working Group on Hate Crime was set up by the Scottish Executive in June 2003 to consider the most appropriate measures needed to combat crime based on hatred towards social groups. Recommendations are based on the detailed work undertaken by the Group and on the responses to a consultation paper issued by the Group in January 2004.

The recommended legislation already exists for racist and religious hate crimes.

The members of the working group were:

Richard Scott, Head of Criminal Justice Division, Scottish Executive (Chair)
Emma Sinclair, Criminal Justice Division, Scottish Executive (Secretariat)
Alastair Carmichael, Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (Mr Carmichael attended in an advisory capacity)
Keith Cowan, Outright Scotland
Ian Dickinson, Assistant Chief Constable of Lothian and Borders Police
Michelle Hegarty, Capability Scotland
Tim Hopkins, Equality Network
Ali Jarvis, Stonewall Scotland
Sandra McDougall, Scottish Association for Mental Health
Fiona McOwan, Engender
Euan Page, Disability Rights Commission
Helena Scott, Age Concern Scotland
Nicola Smith, Enable
John Wilkes, Equal Opportunities Commission

More information about the Working Group on Hate Crime is available online:


Please contact the editor@anAurora.co.uk with any stories or features that you would like us to publish for you.

The first is an interesting story of Helen Keller By Chris Shimadry

This year marks 125 years since the birth of Helen Keller, a woman who, struck deaf and blind as an infant, went on to alter society's perception of what it meant to be disabled.

Followed by our not so true Horoscope.

And lastly a short story Packed Lunch by the late Flora Richings Surgenor.

If you enjoy writing, and have a story, poem or narrative that you would like to share, send them to editor@anAurora.co.uk If you wish to attach a drawing or sketch, then so much the better!

Helen Keller


Helen Keller
By Chris Shimadry

This year marks 125 years since the birth of Helen Keller, a woman who, struck deaf and blind as an infant, went on to alter society's perception of what it meant to be disabled.

During her life Helen Keller came to be seen as a heroic figure, a symbol of courage in the face of adversity. She showed that being disabled did not mean a person could not possess high intelligence, ambition, or the ability to achieve great accomplishments. Despite her own unfortunate circumstances she devoted her life to helping others and was a tireless activist for racial and sexual equality as well as disabled rights. It is easy to see why, even today, Helen Keller remains a figure whose achievements and personality are viewed with widespread admiration around the world. This article provides an overview of the life of a woman who, at a time when the lives of most disabled people were constrained by their society's medical, philosophical, social, and economic limitations, managed to rise above her affliction and show the world that disability did not mean a person could not have an impact upon the world.

Helen Adams Keller was born on 27 June 1880 in the small rural town of Tuscumbia in Alabama, USA. She lived in a modest home, built by her grandparents sixty years earlier, with her father Arthur Henry Keller, who had been a captain in the Confederate Army in the American Civil War, and her mother, Kate Adams Keller.

The family was far from wealthy. Helen's father earned a living as both a cotton plantation owner and the editor of a weekly local newspaper. Her mother, as well as working on the plantation, would save money by making her own butter, lard, bacon and ham.

It was in February 1882 that their lives changes dramatically when nineteenth month old Helen contracted a fever which left her blind and deaf. The exact nature of her ailment remains a mystery - doctors at the time called it ‘brain fever' whilst modern physicians suspect it may have been scarlet fever or meningitis.

The following few years were a hard time for Helen and her family. She became a very difficult child, smashing household objects and intimidating people with her screaming and tantrums. There were many who thought she would be better off in an institution. By the time Helen was six years old her family had become desperate as they struggled to look after her. They travelled to a specialist doctor in Baltimore who confirmed that she would never see or hear again, but told her parents not to give up hope and advised them to take Helen to a local expert on the problems of deaf children. This expert was the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, who, by that time, was working on what he believed to be his true vocation, the teaching of deaf children. It was Bell who suggested that the Kellers write to Michael Anagnos, the director of the Perkins Institution and Massachusetts Asylum for the Blind, in an attempt to find a teacher for Helen.

That teacher was Anne Sullivan, a graduate of the Perkins Institute who had herself lost the majority of her vision by the age of five, though subsequent operations helped her regain a certain amount of sight. She accepted the role of teacher to Helen and on 3 March 1887 arrived at the Keller residence where they met for the first time.

Anne immediately began teaching her to finger spell by tracing words on her hands but, although Helen could replicate these movements, she could not fully understand what they meant. Anne Sullivan also faced the challenge of Helen's continuing bad behaviour and manners. Her attempts to improve these were initially met with resistance and Anne found it necessary to punish her pupil by refusing to ‘talk' to her by spelling words on her hands. However, after a few weeks, Anne and Helen, now living in a small cottage on the land of the main house, began to make progress as the bond between them grew stronger. The breakthrough came on 5 April 1897 when Anne led Helen to the nearby water pump. As she pumped water onto Helen's hand she traced the word ‘water' onto Helen's other hand. This brought about a revelation as Helen finally began to grasp the meaning behind the words being shown to her. From that moment on Helen's progress was astounding and she showed an aptitude for learning that seemed to be far in advance of what people had believed possible in a person without sight or hearing.

Before long Anne was teaching Helen to read using raised letters and Braille and also to write using both ordinary and Braille typewriters. Michael Anagnos was keen to promote Helen's feats and his articles on her led to a wave of publicity that saw pictures of Helen appearing in a number of newspapers. As her fame grew she even found herself visiting President Cleveland at the White House.

By 1890 Helen was living at the Perkins Institute where she continued to be taught by Anne. It was by March of that year that Helen met Mary Lamson who began to try to teach her to speak. At this time however such efforts were met with limited success, a fact later attributed to the fact that that Helen's vocal chords were not properly trained prior to her being taught to speak.

In November 1891 Helen sent Michael Anagnos a birthday gift of a short story she had written called ‘The Frost King'. He was so happy with it that he got it published in a magazine, citing it's importance in literary history. However, it soon emerged that the story was the same as an earlier work called ‘The Frost Fairies' which had been written by Margaret Canby some years before. This incident caused quite a storm at the time and led to the end of Helen and Anne's friendship with Anagnos, who felt foolish by what he considered to be a deception. It was subsequently found that Helen had been read the story some time before and had evidently remembered it. This episode also led Helen to doubt herself as she pondered whether any of her thoughts were really her own.

Helen and Anne met John D Wright and Dr Thomas Humason in 1894 and learned of their intention to establish a school to teach speech to the deaf in New York City. Helen agreed to attend the Wright-Humason School for the Deaf but, unfortunately, her speech never really improved beyond the sounds that only Anne and others close to her could understand.

In 1896 Helen moved on to the Cambridge School for Young Ladies, before entering Radcliffe college in the autumn of 1900. She was, at the time, the first deaf-blind person to have ever enrolled at an institution of higher learning. It was during this time that Helen, using both Braille and a normal typewriter began to write about her life. Her first book, ‘The Story of My Life', was published in 1903. Helen graduated from Radcliffe College in 1904, as the first deaf-blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.

In May 1905 Anne Sullivan married John Macy, who had helped edit Helen's first book. All three of them lived together in Wrentham, Massachusetts and during this period Helen wrote ‘The World I Live In' which, for the first time, revealed her thoughts on the world. John Macy also introduced Helen to a new political way of thinking and, in 1909, Helen became a member of the Socialist Party of Massachusetts. Her political thoughts were published in 1913 in a work called ‘Out of the Dark', which consisted of a number of essays conveying her thoughts on socialism and its impact.

This work had a great impact on Helen's public image and, in the following years, herself and Anne embarked on a series of lecture tours that allowed Helen, through Anne's interpretations, to speak of her experiences and beliefs.

In 1918 Anne and John, along with Helen, moved to New York. It was from here that Helen launched a number of fundraising tours for the American Foundation for the Blind and also campaigned to improve the living and working conditions of blind people, who at that time were generally poorly educated and living in asylums. Her efforts were a significant catalyst in changing these conditions.

In 1921, the same year Helen's mother died, Anne fell ill and a year later contracted bronchitis, which left her unable to speak coherently enough to work with Helen on stage. At this time Polly Thomson, who had started working for Helen and Anne in 1914 as a secretary, took on the role of explaining Helen's thoughts and experiences to the public whilst on her tours. These continuing tours and the awareness and money raised to help blind and deaf people led to Helen and Polly meeting King George and Queen Mary at Buckingham Palace in 1931.

On 20 October 1936, after years of deteriorating health, Anne died. This led to Helen and Polly moving to Westport, Connecticut, which Helen would make home for the remainder of her life.

After World War Two, Helen and Polly spent many years traversing the globe as they raised funds for the American Foundation for the Overseas Blind. It was whilst they were abroad that they heard about the fire that had destroyed their Connecticut home, along with the latest book that Helen had been working on called ‘Teacher', a work about Anne Sullivan. It was during this time that Polly's health began to worsen which led doctors to advise that she and Helen stop their touring, though their work continued once Polly had recovered.

In 1953 a documentary film about Helen's life called ‘The Unconquered' was made and went on to win an Academy Award as the best feature length documentary. Helen also resumed work on ‘Teacher' and in 1955, seven years after the original had been lost in the fire, it was published.

It was in 1957 that Polly Thomson suffered a stroke from which she never truly recovered and would lead to her passing on three years later. This was also the year that ‘The Miracle Worker', a play depicting Anne Sullivan's first success in communicating with Helen as a child, was first performed. Two years later it was re-written as a Broadway play and opened to much critical acclaim. Then, in 1962, it was re-made as a film which gained Oscars for the two women portraying Helen and Anne.

October 1961 saw Helen suffer the first of a series of strokes, which led to the end of her public life. She spent her remaining years being cared for at her home in Westport, Connecticut. In 1964 Helen received the nation's highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, from President Lyndon Johnson and she was elected to the Women's Hall of Fame at the New York World's Fair a year later.

Helen Keller died peacefully in her sleep at home on June 1 1968 Connecticut. A funeral service was held at the National Cathedral in Washington DC where the urn containing her ashes would later be placed next to those of Anne Sullivan and Polly Thomson.

Had Helen Keller been born today she would have had the opportunity to avail herself of the modern teaching methods and technologies that have been developed to aid deaf and blind people communicate with the world and provide them with more independence than ever before. She may also have learned to speak with a greater degree of fluency than she was able to achieve during her life. As it is, Helen Keller's legacy can be seen in the way people with disabilities are viewed in modern society. She proved how language could liberate the blind and the deaf and give them the freedom to be as extraordinary as the sighted. Through her writings and thoughts she has shown that disability need not be the end of the world.


“The public must learn that the blind man is neither genius nor a freak nor an idiot. He has a mind that can be educated, a hand which can be trained, ambitions which it is right for him to strive to realise, and it is the duty of the public to help him make the best of himself so that he can win light through work.”

“Although the world is full of suffering, it is also full of the overcoming of it.”

“I seldom think of my limitations, and they never make me sad. Perhaps there is just a touch of yearning at times; but it is vague, like a breeze among flowers.”

“The best and most beautiful things in the world cannot be seen, nor touched…but are felt in the heart.”

“Life is either a daring adventure or nothing at all.”

If you are a poet or a writer with some work to share, would you like to send some of it to us? Email editor@anAurora.co.uk


anAurora's horoscope is here with her light hearted view of the stars.

In the Stars



24th September - 23rd October

harvest, fruition no more growth, loss of light, growth of dark births, storms, clouds saving seeds, bulbs, hope for next year

24th October - 22nd November

planting spring growth seeds, affirmation of faith, world dying, cold, wet heavy, Halloween, Guy Fawkes Night, rain

23rd November - 21st December

St Nicholas Night, frost, stars, no colour, clouds, fires, hot Baths, mulled wine, chestnuts, fear, no movement, no light, Safe

For those who want a more personal horoscope: Please contact your local newspaper!

If you enjoy writing, and have a story, poem or narrative that you would like to share, send them to editor@anAurora.co.uk If you wish to attach a drawing or sketch, then so much the better!

Packed Lunch

Packed Lunch
By Flora Richings Surgenor

What? What did you say?"

"No I do not want Coke packed."

"Make up a flask of coffee. Use the ploughman's pie in the fridge, it is tastier than scotch pie"

"You can have a cake, I do not want one - thanks." Bob came though to the small dressing room. "What is it?" I asked again, "I am waiting to get into the cupboard to get the lunch basket."

"Oh, sorry, I have to get some shoes."

My feet were rammed into the soft brown suede shoes, the laces untied. I stomped back into the living room, shoved one arm into my jacket. I looked at the cats "Meow," said Tish. Joey looked through half closed eyes and yawned. The feather duster was grabbed from the hook in the pantry, falling over my laces I murmured an obscenity - two in fact, after banging my head on the shelf. Then I decided to put my arm into my jacket and tie my laces.

Like a fiend I hurled round the room attacking everything in sight with the duster. Bob looked sky wards and sighed, resigned. Oh dear, Joey just about smashed the lamps off the side of the cupboard. "Are you ready?" came the long-suffering wail from the car.

My bag, where is it? The cats look at me with disgust and closed their eyes. They have heard this pitiful plea before. They snuggle down on the couch, tuck their paws into their pockets and dismiss me.

"Oh here it is." I scooped up the bag and stumbled out of the door and into the car. I hear another sigh. We bumped over the Sleeping Policemen on the road, turned right and there we were. Wow, there it was, the sea! White horses were smashing against the rocks, leaping and laughing in the wind. All were brave and fearless in their rush to reach the shore. The sky was palest blue, clouds were tinged with grey, hardly moving despite the brisk wind on the ground. As if a hand had stilled them. A flight of seagulls flew across my horizon, winging swiftly out of sight.

We travelled further along the coast towards the small area called Gosforth. We parked on the coastal trail facing the sea. The white horses were still smashing onto the rocks along the side of the shore. The spume spitting and snarling, spilling on to the sand.

Looking up I see the Fife Coast and Ben Lomond in the distance. The oil tankers greedily waiting to discharge their load guzzling into the waiting oil storage tanks. The seagulls see the signs of an easy meal in a food wrapper and dive squawking and screeching, each stealing a piece and swooping off. Flopping wings covered the air.

Two women sat down on the rocks in front. One had dark red hair. She smoked, pulling on the cigarette greedily, inhaling in satisfaction. The other woman wore a knitted woollen hat covering her ears and hair. A man parked next to us, collar turned up, glasses on the end of his nose, reading the Scotsman newspaper. He bends down and turns his radio up.

"Lets go," I said.

If you are a poet or a writer with some work to share, would you like to send some of it to us? Email editor@anAurora.co.uk



A –Z for Happy Bellies
A Wee A –Z for Happy Bellies
Pade Ross

Extracts from her Receipt Book Avocados


Recipes for sensual, caressing, warming, cooling, heartening, comforting, delicious, exciting, harmonising, smooth, rough, sophisticated, tough, tasty and easy

Food for Friends

The celebration of being alive, large, small, poor, or rich, Christian, Buddhist, Moslem, Jewish, Japanese or Communist, vegan, vegetarian or omnivore, together at one table.

Wee Notes

For the “wee notes”, which you can read – or not - I am grateful to:

Earl Mindell for The Vitamin Bible and The Food Medicine Bible
Thorsons, for The Complete Guide to Vitamins and Minerals
Prevention for New Foods for Healing
Dr. Christina Scott-Moncrieff for The Vitamin Alphabet
Michael van Straten and Barbara Griggs for Super Foods
Phyllis and James Balch for Prescription for Nutritional Healing
Arnold and David Bender for Oxford Dictionary of Food and Nutrition
James Duke for The Green Pharmacy
Denise Mortimore for The Complete Illustrated Guide to Vitamins and Minerals
Anna Selby for Miracle Foods

If you have any recipies or hints on cooking, would you like to send some of it to us? Email editor@anAurora.co.uk

Avocados Pie

Avocados Pie


Three or four handfuls of breadcrumbs
A handful of pecan nuts
Olive oil
An avocado per person
A handful of raspberries per person
Half a jar of tahini paste
A medium tomato per person
A handful of olives per person
A couple of green chillies


Put your oven on medium

Grease a pie dish. Crush the nuts, finely slice the garlic and thyme and mix them together with the breadcrumbs and the olive oil to make a stiff paste, line the pie dish and bake for 25 – 30 mins or until a gentle brown colour. Take it from the oven and allow to cool.

Meantime mix the tahini, the sliced tomatoes, the olives and the finely sliced chilli together. Lightly mash the avocados into the mix. Turn the avocado mixture into the pie and decorate with the raspberries, yummy!

A Wee Note

Raspberries have loads of vitamin C!! Fact, check it out! People need vitamin C to make antibodies, to make tissue(as in skin, not paper!) to heal wounds and to act as a natural antihistamine, the real vitamin C, not the stuff out of a bottle or a pill!!

Another Wee Note

Pecans have a lot of magnesium. Not a lot of people know this and now you do! Bodies need magnesium to make strong, well-shaped bones, to produce energy, to keep the hormones dancing, to help transmit nerve impulses and to help prevent kidney and gall stones. What a nut, eh?

Yet Another Wee Note

Tahini, pecans, olives and parsley all contain calcium. Brill!

If you have any recipes or tips about food, then editor@anAurora.co.uk would love to know.

Avocados Sauce

Avocados Sauce


Olive oil
A little fresh thyme
Black pepper


Remove the flesh of the avocado from the skin and place in a bowl.

Mash slightly and sprinkle with olive oil.

Finely slice the syboes, thyme and parsley and add to the avocados.

Mash together and serve over vegetables.

A Wee Note

Avocados contain a goodly amount of manganese! Let me tell you what manganese is good for in human bodies: it is good for bone formation, muscular contraction, fertility, brain function and inner ear balance. We need it!

Another Wee Note

Avocados also contain potassium. Did you know that already?

Sorry, but for those who didn't, humans need potassium to regulate the heartbeat, for protein synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, conversion of blood sugar into glycogen, nerve conduction, energy production and muscle contraction!

How about that then! I bet you never thought that avocados could do you that much good!! Or that your bodies worked so hard, awesome!

If you have any recipes or tips about food, then editor@anAurora.co.uk would love to know.

Avocados Soup

Avocados Soup


A2 ripe avocados (for 2 people, 3 for 3 people…. Ripe avocados give when you put them in the palm of your hand and squeeze gently, if your hand gives the fruit is NOT ripe and should be kept till it is)

½ cup of olive oil. 3 or 4 cloves of garlic…. Finely sliced
Juice of ½ a lemon, or lime if there are any around
1 handful of fresh finely chopped parsley or coriander leaves, or both

Or, try thyme or sage and syboes
Boiling water
Salt and pepper to taste

You can increase the ingredients according to the number of servings but not just doubling the amounts. Just a wee bit more of everything apart from the avocados, lots of them!


Put the olive oil, finely sliced garlic and parsley or finely chopped sybies and thyme, into a bowl and stir them about a bit.

Cut the avocados in half and take out the pit. You can scoop out the flesh or slice the fruit and peel off the skins or mash the flesh while it is still in the skin, then tip it into the olive oil mixture and mash the fruit with the lemon or limejuice.

Combine the avocado and olive oil mixtures together in a (serving) bowl, pour on the boiling water, or stock, (about ½ cup per person), stir about a bit then serve with thin toast or warm bread. ENJOY

Try adding half a red chilli, finely chopped. If you like hot spicy food, leave the seeds in, if you don't, scrape them out.

Try putting a swirl of Soya milk or sour Soya cream on top of each dish as you serve it, yummy!

A Wee Note

Avocados are good for potassium, vitamins A, some B's, some C and some E. They also help against the awful depredations of free radicals (which can be carcinogenic) and help to keep your skin looking really good. Use them as fresh as you can and savour the flavour. Potassium helps to control blood pressure and to maintain a regular heartbeat

Another Wee Note

Heat the pan before you put the oil in and then everything just flows, nae hinging aboot!

Yet another wee note:

Chillies are good for the heart and the circulation. They are al so good for your lungs, and boy, do they taste good fresh!

A wee thought:

If you are serving this soup in the Summer time you could use cold vegetable stock instead of hot, you could use hot stock in winter, whatever turns you on!

If you have any recipes or tips about food, then editor@anAurora.co.uk would love to know.

Avocados, Watercress and Raspberry Salad

Avocados, Watercress and Raspberry Salad


An avocado per person
A handful of watercress per person
A handful of raspberries per person
Olive oil
Balsamic vinegar
Sea salt
Black pepper
A handful of fresh basil


Put the olive oil, finely chopped basil, balsamic vinegar, a couple of grates of sea salt and a four or five grates of black pepper into a salad bowl and mix

Pull of any discoloured leaves from the watercress, wash it and dry it well, then slice it fairly finely into the salad bowl

Peel and roughly slice the flesh of the avocado into the salad bowl mixture

Add the raspberries and mix again

A Wee Note

Raspberries are a good source of vitamin C, copper and roughage. Avocados are a good source of vitamin C, vitamin B6, protein, iron, copper , dietary fibre and linoleic acid.

Another Wee Note

Linoleic acid is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid, which cannot be made by our amazing bodies. We have to find it and eat it because it helps to keep our bodies healthy.

Yet another wee note:

Watercress is a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium and iron. As vitamin C cannot be stored by the body you have to eat lots of it, what joy!

If you have any recipes or tips about food, then editor@anAurora.co.uk would love to know.

Our gardening lady, Violet Lutea, has an article in Armchair Gardener how to look after the garden in preparation for the longer winer months.

And there is an article on growing and looking after Hemerocallis. (Daylilies)

Please keep them coming. Send your articles on Gardening and Home to editor@anAurora.co.uk

Armchair Gardener

Armchair gardener
By Violet Lutea

Is Green the new Black?

I heard a T.V. garden programme host say to one of the interviewees,

“Do you think that green is the new black in garden fashion?”

This left me puzzled and confused and with an image of gardeners draped in grassy cloaks and wreaths of green leaves.

I think what he meant was that green is the new chique in gardening terms.

But green has always been the black in gardening. It is the perfect complement to every other colour. All gardens suit green whatever their shape and size. It looks good during the day and in the evening. It is pleasantly understated and timelessly classic. It can be accessorised in an almost infinite variety of ways. From the cool simple galvanised pot to heavy encrusted chunky baroque statuary. A well turned out garden can be seen in green whatever the season.

My motto is;

Mostly this season my garden will be wearing green

Please keep them coming. Send your articles on Gardening and Home to editor@anAurora.co.uk

Plant Names

Plant Names

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of all seed plants, ferns and fern allies. Its goal is to eliminate the need for repeated reference to primary sources for basic bibliographic information about plant names.

The names of plants can be very confusing as well as difficult to pronounce. But there are good reasons for this. All plants have two names. One is a scientific name very often Latin and also a common English name.

The problem with a common name is that the same plant will have many different names depending on which part of the country you are in. Because of this plants are given a Latin name and put into different groups and families depending on their botanical similarities such as flower type or leaf type.

These names are now universal, and so two people talking about Picea Sitchensis in different parts of the world will both be referring to Sitka Spruce trees. Plants are further divided into families. Genus, Species, Variety and Hybrids

Please keep them coming. Send your articles on Garden and Home to editor@anAurora.co.uk

Jeni's column begins with a notice from a Personal Adviser to people with disabilities.

Her column is followed by an article on Multiple Sclerosis, describing how it attacks the Immune System.

If you have any similar experiences and would like to share them then email jeni@anAurora.co.uk

Jeni's Column

Jeni is here to help and advise.

Please email her at Jeni@anAurora.co.uk

Dear Jeni

I am an Occupational Therapist and am setting up a business (due to launch on 1.7.03), which will provide a professional, personal assessment and advice service to people with disabilities on equipment that will improve their independence and safety in their own homes and very detailed advice on how best to adapt their homes to improve their independence. The business will NOT sell any products, but will advise on products that will meet an individual's specific needs and will suggest providers

I am interested in finding compatible magazines and websites that will link to my site ( www.independentlivingbydesign.co.uk ) or will advertise the services that my business can provide. All services will be provided by State-Registered Occupational Therapists with at least 10 years post-qualification experience in the field of equipment and adaptations

Please let me know if you will be able to provide this help

Thank you very much for your time

Duncan Waterhouse

Dear Duncan

Thank you very much for this information, and we have linked to your website.

anAurora The Internet Magazine for the disAble Woman the 'dis' is small it's the Ability that counts.


Argos UK has now included ‘Living Aids' in there autumn – winter catalogue.

Well worth a look there is a wide range from an easy reacher to scooters and wheelchairs.

Well-done Argos home deliver is only £4.99


Thanks for the information are there any other readers that have found such items as above in stores that never stock these items before.


If you would like to give information to others who may have a condition similar to yours, you can email editor@anAurora.co.uk

Multiple Sclerosis

Understanding Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that impairs the nervous system.

In all autoimmune diseases, a person's immune system attacks the body, resulting in inflammation of various organs or tissues. The components of the immune system responsible for this effect are antibodies and cells.

Antibodies, proteins produced by white blood cells, typically are made in response to infection caused by pathogens like bacteria and viruses.

In autoimmune diseases, normal molecules of the body are mistakenly recognized by the immune system and targeted for destruction.

In multiple sclerosis, the immune system specifically targets a protein called myelin, which coats nerve fibers.

Some patients with multiple sclerosis have severe symptoms, including paralysis, the inability to move or feel due to nerve damage, while others suffer only from mild weakness or numbness.

Symptoms can be persistent or periodic and may also include loss of balance, tremors and loss of coordination.

Multiple sclerosis shares much in common with other autoimmune diseases. Research on any particular one usually applies to the other autoimmune diseases to some degree. They have similar underlying causes and conditions, and consequently similar ways of dealing with them.

The main symptoms that label an autoimmune disease as multiple sclerosis include the attack on the myelin sheath that causes nerve damage. It can be diagnosed by lesions in the brain that do not move when a second MRI is done 6 months later.

One research study found that most damaged myelin sheaths had a herpes virus in it.

Lack of vitamin D appears to be strongly correlated with multiple sclerosis. It is more common in northern climates where there is less sunlight and therefore less vitamin D is produced by the skin. I have read that intake up to 1400 units a day may be called for when fighting MS. Diets low in saturated fats seem to be somewhat protective while with many autoimmune diseases a saturated fat like coconut oil is very good.

For repair of the myelin sheath essential fatty acids and MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) have been noted to be of value. And oxygen supplementation appears to have much higher usage in multiple sclerosis and can produce dramatic results in some cases when enough is used.

If you have a question that you would like to ask, then email: jeni@anAurora.co.uk

Life is fragile handle with care

We have more emails from our readers for you to read.

Lots of hints and tips on happy thinks to do;

and we have extended and sorted our list of links .

And our quiz is as easy as ever

Just remember
every silver lining has a cloud

Junior Quiz Answers

Here are the answers to the Junior Quiz. If you want to visit the Junior Crew quiz first, then click here.

The answers to the Adult Quiz are in the Features section, after the Junior Crew quiz. Click Here


What alcoholic drink is made form crushed grapes? ... Wine


What is the name for the stick carried by a British policeman or Woman? ... Truncheon


What transport machine has forks, gears and a chain wheel? Bicycle


What stately home in Britain is famous for its maze? Hampton Court


Who is the cartoon and comic strip sailor who loves spinach? ... Popeye


What is a male elephant called? ... Bull


How many letters are there is the English alphabet? ... 26


Is a great bustard an old fashioned gun, a bird or a typed of drink?... A bird


What are a sombrero and a deerstalker examples of?... Hats

10 In which city would you find the shop Harrods?... London

Please continue to send your emails, Hints and Tips, Jokes, Web Links that you think readers would enjoy looking at and any questions and answers for our Quiz to: - editor@anAurora.co.uk

Your emails

New disability awareness website launched!

TISEE is a national DARE programme run in collaboration with the Scottish Executive and Fife Council bringing young people with physical impairments together with employers, education and other service providers to WORK TOGETHER IN A 50:50 PARTNERSHIP.

In workshops and project teams the participants explore issues for disabled young people entering Further/Higher education or employment and, through project team work, seek solutions towards resolving some of the difficulties experienced. TISEE is led by young people and provides a platform for all to come together and work together to improve opportunities and understanding of disability issues and find meaningful and sustainable solutions.

If you're a young person, an employer or an education and service provider and want to get involved, visit our recently-launched website today - www.dare2employus.com

We want to hear from you so start posting in our discussion groups.

Contact us if you are an employer and would like to get involved in this national programme.

Webmasters - we would be delighted if you could offer us a link from your website and we would offer a reciprocal one. Please email us for details.



Would you be kind enough to forward this email onto the correct department/s - thank you.

Scottish Care Services Forum has recently launched an online discussion forum for the Care Sector in Scotland (www.careservicesforum.com). We have attached a press release with this email to provide more information of the launch. Every council in Scotland has been notified of its existence and feedback has been extremely positive. The Scottish Executive is also publishing an article regarding the launch next month in October.

The reason we are writing is to ask if you would be kind enough to place an article on your news page regarding the launch and, if you have a newsletter or e-bulletin, would you also consider placing an article in the next issue? Can we also ask if you would place a link to the site onto your links page?

We must apologise for the number of requests made, but it is always difficult at the launch of a site letting people know of its existence. We are intending to expand the site in the next few months and will have an events page for training and conference events, We would be delighted to place any information on this section regarding training or conference events which you are organising. When the site is expanded we would also be delighted to place a link to your site on our 'links page'.

Thank you for your time in considering our request. If there is any further information you need then please don't hesitate to contact us.

With Kind Regards,

Mark Rodgers
Forum Moderator
Scottish Care Services Forum
W: www.careservicesforum.com
E: admin@careservicesforum.com


Thank you we will include your information in the next edition of anAurora
Kind Regards

Dear all:

With this message we want to inform you that ISdAC International Association has established a user database online. In this database we want to bring together people with varying disabilities who want to act as test users, in case ICT producers and/or webdesigners want to have their products and websites tested by experts regarding their accessibility and user friendliness.

Because we will be able to guarantee a better feedback to suppliers and Web designers with a large database, we are constantly looking for as much people as possible with a disability who are willing to register to our database.

You can find more information about this database through the link on the homepage of our website, www.isdac.org. You can register yourself by filling in the application form. Also, if you know any person that might have an interest in this, please feel free to pass this message on. If you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact us on Xavier@isdac.org . Remarks about our website and database are also always welcome.

With kind regards,

Xavier Du Chateau
Administrative assistant
ISdAC International Association
c/o IGL
Boddenveldweg 11
B-3520 Zonhoven

Tel. +32 11 819465

Direct phone +32 11 720012

Fax +32 11 271622

E -mail: Xavier@isdac.org


SubjectNew Disability Website – Pubs and Restaurants www.yourlevelbest.com

Check your locality!

It is free to both the user and the listee and has 4000 venues throughout the UK although the founder, wheelchair-user Mary Dixon wants more suggestions from local people like you.   Phone 0208 355 4328

email info@yourlevelbest.com


If you want to send an email to us on any subject at all, then email editor@anAurora.co.uk

Hints and Tips

Give to Charity need not cost a lot. World in Sight - run by help the aged

Unwanted Spectacles helps people in developing countries.

The spectacles you donate are sorted, cleaned and graded using computerised equipment and are then sent to ophthalmic clinics all over the world to be distributed.

To donate unwanted spectacles take them to any branch of Dolland and Aitchison for more information look at

www.danda.co.uk or contact


Community Re-Paint

Unused paint is distributed to communities and voluntary groups to be used to decorate youth clubs and village

To donate surplus paint find out where can have it contact www.communityrepaint.org.uk

Oxfam - Stamp and Coin Unit

Donate any used stamps and foreign coins

Used for humanitarian air for educational projects in the third world.

To donate take to your local Oxfam shop or contact.


Samaritan's Purse

Knitting: hats scarves gloves etc send the item along with other small goods are sent to children in desperate situations around the world at Christmas time.

For more details and find out where to drop of goods contact


Lions Club International

Donate your old Hearing Aids batteries and ancillary hearing equipment. It is redistributed to deaf and hard of hearing people in 30 countries around the world. More information as to where to send the equipment to contact


If you cannot donate anything, then try to buy a charity product or service instead

If you have a hint or a tip that you would like to share, email editor@anAurora.co.uk


Here is a list of links. We will add any that you send to us



Help on computer viruses


For protection and disinfection of websites


Disabled women's network Ontario


PenPals from across the world


Poetry Home page


Resource site for everything to do with magazine


Composers site


Florida pageant for the disable woman


Holiday studio flat La Cala, Costa Del Sol. Spain


Search engine


Microsoft knowledge base (for problems)

http://whatis.techtarget.com Have all those mysterious terms which are used these days explained to you. There are also cheat sheets, quizzes and crosswords.  Enough to keep you happily entertained for ages


Has commercial information about products but charities and local groups can also upload their information for free


Charity that brings the benefits of computer technology to adults and children with disabilities


Help in making your computer easier to use


Product aimed at helping visually impaired people




Specialise in worldwide cruising for disabled people, their family and friends

http://www.accessibletravel.co.uk "Accessible holidays and travel for wheelchair users, slow walkers, mature travellers, their families and friends"


Useful information about getting around London


We invite any inclusive communication request and currently provide; Braille, audio, large print, disk, CD, makaton and plain language,sub-titling and BSL on videos


Site for retired persons


Site for monitoring web access for children


AK Fitness Equipment body workout system suitable for wheelchair users


Book club, run by Malcolm Birkenshaw


This free question-and-answer service is ideal for those who cannot find what they want to know on the Web of just want to talk to a real personYou click the link to your choosen cateegory, type in your question and wait for an answer


Offers affordable women's jewels for weddings and formal occasions


Oh, loved the ASCII Star Wars site It appears to be pretty well scene for scene.


Recruitment for disabled Asian members


Beautiful, user-friendly site. The virtual gallery is just that


The Arthritis Foundation's home page


The Arthritis Today magazine


The Fine Art website


Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus


A UK’s website for ethnic minority recruitment


Gift ideas for the disabled

www.balihainursery.com Gardening direct


Information on fashion for the disabled


Site for monitoring web access for children


British Dyslexia Organisation


Bridal Shoes website


British Library. The only place on the Internet where you can find the title of any book


British Medical Journal page on SLE, or lupus


The best lingerie on the web


Maternity wear and accessories


Online version of one of Britain's most successful mail-order  clothes catalogues


Mobile massage in the Edinburgh area


Once you get the title or ISBN of a book, use this hunter site to get the best prices


Boston Cure Project for Multiple Sclerosis


Buying bras for those who have problems getting one to fit


British Polio Fellowship


ALP - Adult Learning Project


Disabled site for the young


Maternity clothes for the professional woman


The Care Commission website


The Free Online Resource Tool for the Scottish Care Sector

National Association of Toy Leisure Libraries


Web and IT designer


Stories: the site is not being updated, but is still good


Breeders of the highest Show quality chinchillas are bred from winning Canadian, Dutch and UK blood lines


A site for disabled patients and loved ones to find mutual supports by specific health issues


Building Community Collaboration and Consensus


Recipes for every cook


Site for the artistic


Plant database


Site for monitoring web access for children


A site for disabled young people entering Further/Higher education or employment


Education and training base for Diving & Hyperbaric courses, including disabled persons


Training on disability issues for taxi drivers


An amazing site to start from

http://www.deli cates.co.uk

Designer made to measure silk lingerie catering for all sizes.


Action for Blind People website


Designer Lingerie Store for men and women


Dogs for the Disabled


A recently launched major new information resource for the UK Disabled Community


Fantastic site from chat rooms to music


Its aim is to promote the skills, services and products offered by disabled workers by creating a searchable (by anyone looking for whatever they need) database of these skills and services


Disable Jobsite assists people with a disability to participate actively in employment


Website for penpals


Cartoonist with a social model of disability


The Disability Now magazine

http://www.disabilities-r-us.co.uk/ A fun way to meet people all round the world




Resourceful information


A great site for all you want to know


One person site, the USA perspective


A database promoting skills, services and products offered by disabled workers


Quality beds and massage systems


Making high quality, impartial and independent disability information available to enquirers across the UK




Quality lingerie in large sizes. They donate 50p from every order to breast cancer charities


Classic arcade games and desktop utilities; expand your software


Charity to encourage photography for the disabled


Disability Rights Commission


Information on benefits


Hints and tips on how to decorate and furnish your home


The website of the UK Disability Forum for Europe Women's Committee – the UK's only national organisation of disabled women - is now online

http://www.electric-scooters-galore.com Electric scooters and mobility scooters that fit your budget and lifestyle


Poetry site


General woman's magazine


Therapeutic Beauty Salon


A site with everything you want to find out


Order Scooters directly from this website


Family friendly fun and special needs resources


Help on computer viruses




Fieldfare works with people with disabilities and countryside managers to improve access to the countryside for everyone


Healthy recipes


Free games

http://www.ftdr.com/rambles/prog.html Forth and Tay disabled Ramblers


Site for all your garden games


Tributes to lost friends, colleagues and family


Hanoi artist

http://www.geoshare.org.uk/ Edinburgh Council has recently launched a new map-based website for looking up information on schools, transport, public services


Help on computer viruses

http://www.goodaccessguide.co.uk "Accessible leisure pursuits, holidays and travel, transport, mobility products, and daily living services for disabled people, their families and friends

Gift ideas for the disabled


All you need to know about plants in your garden


Equipment for the disabled


Dating agency for the able and disable


A company dealing in hand made woollen garments


List accessible holidays


If you are interested in how things work, you will be interested in this website


The American homesite of the Handicapped Scuba Association links page


The European homesite of the Handicapped Scuba Association links page


Company dealing in transport equipment for the disabled


Tell them where you're moving to and everything from magazine subscriptions to phone providers can be re-directed for you. IHM will even notify your friends and arrange for a free pizza to be delivered to your new abode


Private services provided by State-Registered Occupational Therapists


Like-minded web magazine

http://www.intowork.org.uk/index.html Website to secure employment opportunities for people with disabilities


Free Dating Agency


As amazon.com does with books, so Island Trading does with skincare, makeup and accessories


Description: 6 Generations of needlework artisans. Over 50,000 arts, crafts and collectibles. Craft ideas, free patterns, Quilt-in-a-Day books, Alice Starmore knitting books!

http://www.javajane.com/ The Original Message Board for Women


One of the oldest online job databases in the UK and still one of the busiest and easiest to use


Mobility road show web site


Great recipes new and old world, fun and games, clean jokes and lot's of fun


Online version of this Company's indispensable kitchen-lover's catalogue.


An excellent site for disability graphics


This is the site of the Disability Research Unit, which is an international centre of excellence, located at the University of Leeds,UK   


Essential fatty acids


Aids for people with impairments to make like easier Hi, I have tried to design a fun, informative, family friendly and easy to use UK website dedicated to Chinchillas and everything about them.


uses technology to link passengers and drivers together, reducing congestion on the roads


Magazine for the Disabled


Website focusing on the plight of Lucy Lu


Website for anyone interested in lupus (SLE, or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus


Painless magnetic acupucture plaster


Specialises in Hostas and other cottage garden Perennials selling worldwide




Maternity clothing on line


UK Search Engine has launched a specialist service called Medisearch


An artist from Texas


Cards for every occasion


An IT training resource run by Edinburgh University Settlement


Like minded web site


Department of Transport, Mobility and Inclusion website: this is a new website, well worth paying a visit to


Maternity wear exchange


Makes getting into and out of a bath easier


Wheel-less trailers


Online community for people living with MS


The website of the National Autistic Society.


Myelin Repair Foundation


The United States Healthcare Directory

http://www.netflora.co.uk On-line florist


Website with information on lupus (SLE)


Holiday centre for those with special needs


A register of odd sized feet in the hopes to pair up


The website of the National Autism Society


Women's Issues, Chat and Forum


Supplier of 100%organic herb supplements and natural health remedies


"Positive Action in Housing", Scottish wide minority-ethnic led charity


An A-Z of links to UK medical support groups and charities, this site includes the lot


Support and information on lupus


Web site full of stories and poetry


Essential vitamins


It is a site that has beauty tips and fantastic products, but most of all if you call them you get help with online shopping and brilliant customer service




Alexander Serafinov's knitwear

Global health and disability resource centre


Information for plant fanatics


Poets, not in general but particularly!


A well known Scottish poet


Leicestershire Polio Network


Princessbands creates freshwater pearl and Swarovski crystal jewellery

http://www.protectabadge.co.uk Supplier of blue badge wallets


Queen Elizabeth Foundation for disabled people




Quirky Icons


Shop online for perfumes


Rehab Unit PMR Hospital


This site of the national registered charity, REMAP which has for more than 30 years provided one-off technical aids to help disabled people of all ages to enjoy a better lifestyle


New online site for maternity clothing made to order in any size or length


Site for the deaf


Scottish government website for housing


Scottish Sub-Aqua Association, with links for disabled access to this sport


Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations


Matt Sesow a disabled painter from Washington DC


Planning monthly groups for people with disabilities


Vickie McKenna's home page: Post Polio Syndrome and acupuncture


Shareware programs and free software


National Health Service Page


Nutrition site for women of any size


Easy-to-navigate site; vast array of downloadable software from drawing programs to tools that enable you to create your own icons and screen savers. Excellent utilities section


Scottish Post Polio Network          


Poets corner Scotland


New Collection for maternity wear


Global Directory of Women in Business


One-stop shop for nature-based bath and body care, showing top-quality names


The Thistle Foundation in Edinburgh. A good linking site

http://www.tills-innovations.com/ Design, manufacture install landscapes gardens using natural stone


Stories and poems from around the world


disAbled models


Site for travelling and holidays for the disabled


Learn to speak French, Spanish and dozens of other languages at this amazing site


Software, internet services


A site for all teenagers


Register as an organ donor


Comics related news, books and web resources


If you find it difficult to get around your home


How to survive a heart attack on your own


An American site offering low pan vans for wheelchairs


London charity providing home internet training for the disabled


Clothing desgined for the disabled


A Scottish women's centre

http://www.wherecanido.com Sports, fitness and health for disabled people
http://www.willtocharity.co.uk/ This site has up to 10,000 UK charities listed 


Download files for your PC


List of charities in the UK


Site for business women in London


Cute on-line snowballing game


A supplier of additive-free, unprocessed foods to your door


Site for monitoring web access for children




Site for the young


Alterations for homes for the disabled


City of Edinburgh council information

http://www.yourlevelbest.com Lists pubs and restaurants with disabled facilities (including toilets)


All you need to know about designing your own web page

If you know about a website that you think is interesting, then email editor@anAurora.co.uk

The Quiz

Here is the quiz for the Autumn 2005 issue. You can get the right answers immediately by going to the Features section, after the Junior Crew quiz. Click here.

The Adult Quiz


What is the road between Invergarry and Kyle of Lochalsh called?


Which island has the blue and white St Andrew's flag of Scotland as its national flag?


Who won a gold medal in the 124 Olympics in the 400m?


Which is the oldest Scottish University?


What is skirlie?

6 What is saffron?

If you have any questions that you think are interesting, then email editor@anAurora.co.uk

The Quiz